Robert Gutowski Architects designs minimal church interior in response to changes in modern worship

The Church of Pope John Paul II in Páty, Hungary, by Robert Gutowski Architects

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The Church of Pope John Paul II in Páty, Hungary, by Robert Gutowski Architects

The Church of Pope John Paul II in Páty, Hungary, is a crescent-shaped building featuring skewed angles and whitewashed concrete that aims to turn “passive observers” into active participants of worship.

Local practice Robert Gutowski Architects filled the church in the village of Páty in Budapest with modern takes on traditional aspects of Medieval, ecclesiastical architecture.

The intention was to shift the emphasis towards the altar and the congregation to make the act of worship more engaging.

a herd of sheep in a city: The Church of Pope John Paul II features an elliptical layout

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The Church of Pope John Paul II features an elliptical layout

Traditional churches typically have a rectangular floor plan and are made up of a nave – the central part of the church – and an apse – the semicircular or polygonal area at the end of the aisle, usually located behind the altar.

The Church of Pope John Paul II, however, has an elliptical layout, made up of the crescent-shaped building of worship that wraps around an adjoining oval-shaped outdoor space.

Therefore what would typically be the nave of a conventional church functions as the churchyard or garden, while the liturgical space is situated where the apse would be.

a wooden bench sitting in the middle of a room: The church interior features whitewashed reinforced concrete ceilings and walls

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The church interior features whitewashed reinforced concrete ceilings and walls

As studio founder Robert Gutowski explains, this layout was designed to place more emphasis on the communal experience of the Eucharist and to “invite people closer to the holy act” at the altar.

“If you like, we invite people into the apse, surrounding the altar, forming a community,” the architect explained. “It is also similar to the liturgy of early times, when Paleochristians simply surrounded a table in their own home – what is known as Domus Ecclesiae.”

a view of a box: The design aims to place more emphasis on the Eucharist and the altar

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The design aims to place more emphasis on the Eucharist and the altar

“The church clearly defines its purpose: while the Creator and the almighty God are at the centre of traditional liturgy, modern liturgical efforts have shifted emphasis to the recreator God, the image of a perpetually redeeming Christ,” Gutowski added.

“The Church of Pope John Paul II represents a conscious response to liturgical changes in recent decades, rendering it a model church experiment in contemporary church architecture,” he continued.

“Emphasis is shifted toward the active involvement of worshippers.The community is not a passive observer of events in a sanctuary, but rather actively experiences the holy act.”

a room with a brick building: The church building itself has a crescent-like shape

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The church building itself has a crescent-like shape

Several rooms lead off of the central, liturgical space, including a communal room, a service room and an office on the ground floor, and an educational room, guest room, the priest’s living quarters, and access to the bell tower on the first floor.

Each of these rooms are enclosed in one, whole elliptical floor plan – a form chosen to symbolise “perpetuity” and to create a holistic space.

“The concept is that when we say

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In Bid for 11th Term, US Rep Langevin to Face Robert Lancia | Rhode Island News

By DAVID KLEPPER, Associated Press

PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — U.S. Rep. Jim Langevin will face former state lawmaker Robert Lancia this November in his bid for an 11th term representing Rhode Island’s heavily Democratic 2nd Congressional district.

Langevin beat back a late challenge from Dylan Conley to win Tuesday’s Democratic primary. On the Republican side, Lancia defeated Donald Robbio for the right to challenge Langevin.

Results from several other races on Tuesday’s ballot aren’t expected until Wednesday at the earliest to give election officials time to collect and tabulate mail ballots from drop boxes stationed around the state.

Langevin’s contest was the night’s highest-profile race. The 56-year-old congressman, who became the first quadriplegic to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives when he was elected in 2000, defeated his fellow Democrat Conley, a 33-year-old lawyer who chairs the Providence Board of Licenses and entered the race in June.

Langevin has focused on national security, health care, cybersecurity and elections security during his congressional tenure. He is a senior member of the House Armed Services Committee, where he chairs the Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee.

Langevin, who served as Rhode Island’s secretary of state before winning election to Congress, stopped short of claiming victory Tuesday night, saying he would wait for a final result.

“Although we are encouraged by the numbers that have been reported, we eagerly await the final vote tally and express our immense gratitude to all who are working to process ballots in an accurate and timely manner,” he said in a statement.

Langevin was 16 when he was injured while working with the Warwick Police Department in the Boy Scout Explorer program, when a gun accidentally discharged and a bullet struck him, leaving him paralyzed.

Lancia, a former elementary school teacher, ran for the U.S. House after losing reelection to the Rhode Island House of Representatives in 2018. The 66-year-old faced Robbio, an Air Force veteran and advocate for the elderly.

A self-described “libertarian Republican,” Lancia pledged to support tax breaks for donations to private and parochial schools catering to students “who can’t get their needs met” in a public school.

Rhode Island Republican Party chair Sue Cienki called Lancia, a former U.S. Navy chaplain, “an Energizer bunny” who worked tirelessly to advance GOP priorities in an overwhelmingly Democratic state.

Voters were also choosing candidates for mayor in Cranston, Warwick, Pawtucket and Central Falls. In Cranston, Kenneth Hopkins beat Michael Farina in the Republican mayoral primary. Other races were too close to call.

In state legislative races, state Rep. Moira Walsh conceded defeat to high school principal Nathan Biah in a Democratic primary in Providence. Known for championing liberal causes, Walsh was a vocal critic of the House’s Democratic leaders. Shortly after she took office in 2017 she rebuked other lawmakers for drinking in the Statehouse.

Democratic U.S. Rep. David Cicilline had no primary opponent Tuesday in his reelection bid in Rhode Island’s 1st Congressional District.

Democratic U.S. Sen. Jack Reed also sailed past the

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