FOIA documents reveal Interior’s 2018 push to manage Yellowstone bison like cattle | Outdoors

“I am feeling a lot like Phil Connor (Bill Murray’s character in the movie ‘Groundhog Day’), and that makes today February the 2nd. I am a bit numb from seeing this proposal so many times I don’t know how to respond now.”

Yet progress on a new bison management plan has stalled.

Buffalo Field Campaign’s fight for the park documents began in 2018. 

“This threat of domestication has been hovering over buffalo for many years,” he said.

Yellowstone is home to one of the most iconic bison populations in the nation. The story of a small herd’s survival, when thousands of other plains bison were eliminated during the 1800s, is a success story for wildlife conservation.

As the bison population has grown in the park, with the herd numbering more than 4,800 animals at last count, Montana officials and lawmakers have been able to force the Park Service to annually cull and slaughter hundreds of animals every winter.

Buffalo Field Campaign’s website says that 12,575 Yellowstone bison have been killed and another 540 have been captured since 1985. The purpose of the capture and slaughter program is to keep bison from migrating into Montana.

Last winter, 442 bison were removed from the park through the capture and slaughter program. Another 105 were isolated for quarantine to see if they can be eventually transferred alive to Indian tribes. About 280 were killed, mostly by tribal hunters exercising their treaty rights.

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Garden Mastery: Here’s how to identify and manage insect pests in your garden

Summer is the “time of the garden,” when flowers are riotously blooming and fruit and vegetables are ripening. However, you may find you’re not the only one enjoying the fruits of your labors.

In order to support their next generation, many nonvertebrate pests, such as aphids and snails, may be eating leaves, dining on fruit, and sucking juices out of your plants.

How can you manage these pests? First, you must ask yourself: How much are you willing to share your garden with wildlife?

While there is no wrong or right answer to this question, all gardeners need to draw a line at the amount of damage they are willing to endure. A garden is an ecosystem of plants and animals, with many interdependent parts. Eliminating one or more elements can affect the entire system.

Begin by identifying what is damaging your plants. While birds and other animals may be the cause, in this article we’ll focus on insect pests. This can be a challenge, given the hundreds of insect species in San Diego. Many insects are beneficial to your garden, as they pollinate your plants, eat or parasitize harmful insects, and add to the overall enjoyment of your efforts. But other insects are destructive, such as the tomato hornworm — just one can destroy an entire tomato plant very quickly.

There are many resources to help you identify what is damaging your plant. If you can actually see the culprit on its damaged host plant, you can ask other gardeners’ advice, visit local certified nurseries (bring a sample in a closed plastic bag), or contact the San Diego Master Gardeners’ Hotline (858) 822-6910 from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. weekdays for assistance.

You can also check the University of California Integrated Pest Management (IPM) website Pest Notes or the Plant Problem Diagnostic tool (both found at http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html). If you can see the damage but not the perpetrator, you can research via garden books, and at the University of California Integrated Pest Management (IPM) website.

The eggs on these fiber stocks are Green Lacewing eggs. The larvae stage prey upon a large number of insect pests.

Friend or foe? The eggs on the fiber stocks are Green Lacewing eggs. The larvae stage of this insect prey upon a large number of insect pests, making them beneficial in your garden.

(Regents of the University of California)

After identification, your next step is to understand the life cycle of the pest and then weigh the benefits of controlling now against the benefits at a later life stage. For example, the aforementioned and dreaded tomato hornworm metamorphizes into the large sphinx moth, a nighttime pollinator important to pitahaya and other night-blooming plants. And many caterpillars are only present for a month or so before they become beautiful butterflies, so eliminating them after you have already picked most of your crop might not be worth your time and effort.

Like its name suggests, the IPM system uses an integrated method for managing pests of all types. Once you have chosen your source for pest management, monitor the effectiveness of the methods used.

Prevention is always

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Useful Tips On How To Manage A Master Bathroom Renovation

Although a bathroom may be one of the smallest areas in a house, due to its compact nature it is one of the most costly and labor-intensive areas to renovate. A master bathroom remodeling could involve many areas to be addressed such as tiling, plumbing, electrical and installations within a relatively small square foot area. Experts often classify such projects as less efficient due to the requirement for a one task at a time approach needed to be taken due to the locations tightness. Also smooth transition between each step, material procurement and delivery is required to ensure on-time target achievement.

Need For A Bathroom Remodeling Contractor

Selecting who would manage your master bathroom renovation project would highly depend on the overall project scope and results to be achieved. You may opt to assign a licensed designer or architect as the project manager but it is the more common option to go with a general contractor for the purpose.

You may also chose to work with a team of professionals for master bathroom remodeling. Whilst you could most certainly act as your own general contractor, this would need more time and attention to be spent from your side which could ultimately lead to a full-time job. Also note that material sourcing would need to be handled by yourself or given to each of the professionals connected at each stage. In this instance the following professionals would be part of your team depending on the complexity.

  • Plumber
  • Electrician
  • Tiling professional
  • Cabinet installation professional
  • Carpenter and painter

Be Prepared For The Unexpected

Ensure all lines of communication to you remain open as even though you may assign bathroom remodeling contractor, you also would essentially act as a project manager for your own bathroom remodeling or bathroom renovation project on which you had a dream of having bath in a luxury bathroom of your own. The most common aspect of any type of renovation is that there may always be unplanned expenses and situations to overcome. Most of the time you may not be able to avoid such costs but it is always important to make calculated decisions throughout the process and be able to justify the overage. Also do your homework to be able to decide yourself whether the numbers quoted by your partnering professionals is realistic. Whilst the cheapest option may not always be the best, it would be beneficial to obtain a few other quotations in the instance these numbers don't feel right.

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Remember These Hacks to Manage Your Kitchen Efficiently

Kitchen is one of the most important parts of the house. From cooking delicacies to preparing diet food; it is the place where you get fuel for your body. Running a kitchen is no mean feat, especially when you need to keep in check cost escalations without compromising on your food preferences. Things may go haywire if your kitchen is in a mess.

Here are a few essential kitchen hacks which you keep incorporate in your kitchen to run it efficiently and save some money too.

Plan Ahead

By planning ahead for 2-3 meals, you significantly decrease the wastage of food in kitchen. This means that you can prepare food in more controlled quantity and prepare combinations of light and heavy food to keep your diet balanced.

Cut Vegetables in Bulk

To save time and effort, you can cut vegetables for 3-4 meals at one go and store them in airtight containers in the refrigerator. But make sure to nut cut a lot of veggies as it might lose freshness over the time. This way, you can save yourself from extra effort of washing and cutting veggies again and again.

Use Leftovers Smartly

There are millions of people who don’t get to eat three square meals a day. Hence it is criminal to waste even a bit of food. Store dishes in fridge to use the next day if possible. Things like bread can be sliced in small pieces and fried and used in tomato soup as bread crumbs. You can also use veggies to prepare salad instead of throwing them away.

Keep Utensils Ready

To fast track your cooking, make sure that the required utensils are clean and near the stove to avoid last minute search. For instance, you keep the utensils ready after dinner to comfortably prepare your breakfast in the morning.

Stock Up

Buying things in bulk is always rewarding. Daily use perishables like lentils, rice, and flour should be bought in bulk to save extra bucks. You can also buy potatoes, onions, apples and semi-ripe bananas in large quantities to get extra discounts and avoid regular trips to the market.

Plan Grocery Budget

To keep things under budget and also avoid unnecessary spending by shopping impulsively; it is essential to plan a feasible budget first. Make a list of essential items first; if there is some extra budget then you can indulge yourself in buying an expensive gourmet sauce or frozen foods.

You kitchen needs some good management skills to help your household run efficiently. By following these simple yet essential kitchen rules you can certainly save some extra money and time in the kitchen.

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