Tennessee to mandate bathroom signs about transgender use | National News

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) — Tennessee will become the first state in the United States to require businesses and government facilities open to the public to post a sign if they let transgender people use multiperson bathrooms, locker rooms or changing rooms associated with their gender identity.

Republican Gov. Bill Lee signed a bill Monday that represents a first-of-its-kind law, according to the Human Rights Campaign, an LGBTQ advocacy group that decried the bill as discriminatory and said the required signs are “offensive and humiliating.” The law will go into effect July 1.

Lee, who is up for reelection next year, had previously been mum on whether he would sign the bill. Instead, he told reporters earlier this month that he always had “concerns about business mandates” but was still reviewing the bill.

Lee’s approval came just a few days after he signed legislation that puts public schools and their districts at risk of losing civil lawsuits if they let transgender students or employees use multiperson bathrooms or locker rooms that do not reflect their sex at birth. It was the first bill restricting bathroom use by transgender people signed in any state in about five years, according to the Human Rights Campaign.

Lee also signed a different proposal this year that bars transgender athletes from playing girls public high school or middle school sports.

Republican statehouses have been awash in culture war legislation across the country this year, particularly focusing on the LGBT community. Tennessee has been the front lines on that fight, with civil rights advocates pointing out that only Texas has filed more anti-LGBT bills in the country.

Yet, to date, there has been no big, tangible repercussion where bills have passed targeting transgender people, unlike the swift backlash from the business community to North Carolina’s 2016 “bathroom bill.” In Tennessee, the bills are becoming law despite letters of opposition from prominent business interests.

According to the bill signed Monday, the required sign outside the public bathroom or other facility would say: “This facility maintains a policy of allowing the use of restrooms by either biological sex, regardless of the designation on the restroom.”

However, questions remain about how the law will be enforced and what, if any, consequences will stem from ignoring it. The law doesn’t spell out fines, penalties or any other mechanism to ensure the signs are put up when required.

Republican Rep. Tim Rudd, the bill’s sponsor, said no state department will oversee compliance with the law. Instead, Rudd said, local district attorneys could seek a court order to require a facility to post the sign. If an entity refused to comply, “it would open the door for whatever judicial remedies the court deems appropriate,” Rudd said.

Additionally, it’s possible that noncompliance could lead to civil liability, Rudd said.

“Whether you’re a man or woman, don’t you want to know who might be waiting on the other side of a bathroom door when you go in?” Rudd said in a statement. “Everyone has a

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What does bathroom stand for? The Free Dictionary

Nag coiled himself up, raised his head, and looked into the bathroom in the dark, and Rikki could see his eyes glitter.
You see, I was in my bathroom all the time–with the door open.”
We listened to the steward going into the bathroom out of the saloon, filling the water bottles there, scrubbing the bath, setting things to rights, whisk, bang, clatter–out again into the saloon–turn the key–click.
But in the broad daylight of the bathroom, which had a ground-glass window but no blind, I saw at once the serious nature of his wound and of its effect upon the man.
Opening from the chamber was a fine bathroom having a marble tub with perfumed water; so the boy, still dazed by the novelty of his surroundings, indulged in a good bath and then selected a maroon velvet costume with silver buttons to replace his own soiled and much worn clothing.
The bathroom which communicated with his apartment was the latest triumph of the plumber’s art – a room with floor and walls of white tiles, the bath itself a little sunken and twice the ordinary size.
Then Jackson, with glittering drops of water on his hair and beard, came back looking angry, and Hollis, who, being the youngest of us, assumed an indolent superiority, said without stirring, “Give him a dry sarong–give him mine; it’s hanging up in the bathroom.” Karain laid the kriss on the table, hilt inwards, and murmured a few words in a strangled voice.
To the Grandmother, however, our landlord, for some reason or another, allotted such a sumptuous suite that he fairly overreached himself; for he assigned her a suite consisting of four magnificently appointed rooms, with bathroom, servants’ quarters, a separate room for her maid, and so on.
There’s no Neapolitan for bathroom, but I fancy your friend is there.”
Sometimes at night I reflected that such hopes were altogether insensate; but I remember once getting up at two in the morning to search for a little cardboard box in the bathroom, into which, I remembered, I had not looked before.
His mind then began to wander about the house, and he wondered whether there were other rooms like the drawing-room, and he thought, inconsequently, how beautiful the bathroom must be, and how leisurely it was–the life of these well-kept people, who were, no doubt, still sitting in the same room, only they had changed their clothes, and little Mr.
14 turned into a bathroom, with a bath big enough to insure a cleanliness of body equal to their purity of soul!

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3x 6-Pack Scott Paper Towels + 3x 12-Pack Scott ComfortPlus Bathroom Tissue

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Edited April 16, 2021
at 03:11 PM

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Walgreens has 3x 6-Pack Scott Paper Towels + 3x 12-Pack Scott ComfortPlus Bathroom Tissue on sale for $15.40 when you follow the instructions below. Select store pickup to save on shipping (If not available at your nearest store, try your next nearest store) or shipping is free for orders $35 or more.

Deal Instructions:

Log into or Register for a MyWalgreens Membership to be able to clip coupons (free to join)

Add the following to cart:
1)Add 3x 6-Pack Scott Paper Towels – https://www.walgreens.com/store/c…fe01860INT

2)Clip the $1.25 off Scott Paper Towels 6 Rolls with myWalgreens Coupon on the product page

3)Add 3x 12-Pack Scott ComfortPlus Bathroom Tissue https://www.walgreens.com/store/c…a1aa110INT

4)Clip the Save $0.50 on any ONE (1) package of Scott Bath Tissue Coupon on the product page

5) Clip the $1.25 off Scott Bath Tissue Comfort Plus with myWalgreens Coupon on the product page

6)Proceed to checkout

7)Apply coupon code FAST30 -> good until 4/29

Your total will be $30 – $3.75 (w/ coupon) – $3.75 (w/ coupon) – $0.50 (w/ coupon) – $6.60 (w/ promo code) = $15.40, select store pickup or shipping is free for orders $35 or more

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Modifying Garage Floor and Stem Wall Heights

The information in this article applies to:

QUESTION

After naming my Garage room, the floor and ceiling height information changed. Why does this happen?

Adjust foundation heights for stem walls and garage areas

ANSWER

When Auto Rebuild Foundation is turned on, naming a room as a Garage will cause changes to the way the foundation is built under that room.

First, begin with creating a basic plan, where you will be using all of the default settings for Floor 1 floor and ceiling heights, and for building the foundation.

To create the basic plan

  1. In a new plan file in floor plan view, select Build> Wall> Straight Exterior Wall , then click and drag out the walls to create a basic structure with attached garage, as shown in the image below.

    Floor plan showing two areas - main house and attached garage

    Once the main building and garage room have been created, the foundation is automatically created with the default stem wall and footing heights.
     
    If your foundation does not automatically generate, click Build> Floor> Build Foundation  , put a check in the Automatically Rebuild Foundation box and click OK.

    The floor and ceiling heights in the room that will be designated as the Garage are still at the default for Floor 1. The Floor height is 0″ and in our case, the Finished Ceiling height is 107 5/8″.

  2. To verify this information, use the Select Objects tool to click on the smaller room on Floor 1, which will become the Garage, then click on the Open Object edit button.
  3. In the Room Specification dialog, notice the values set on the Structure panel.

    Room Specification dialog on Structure panle with Floor height of zero and Finished Ceiling height set to 107 5/8

  4. Next, select the General panel, and use the Room Type drop-down menu to select Garage, then hit OK.

    Room Specification dialog on General panel with Garage selected as the Room Type

    When the Room type is changed, the foundation is rebuilt to reflect these changes.

  5. Open  the garage room to specification and return to the Structure panel to see the changes.

    Room Specification dialog with Structure panel selected showing -14 1/8 Stem Wall Top and Finished Ceiling of 134 5/8

    • The Stem Wall Top height value is added to the Absolute Elevations and is set to the height of the underside of the floor joists on Floor 1. The floor is changed to a slab and the slab is lowered 12″ below the top of the stem wall.
    • The Stem Wall height is set to 22 1/2″.
    • The Floor Finish is set to 0″ and the Floor Structure becomes a 4″ concrete slab.
  6. Click OK to close the dialog and take a Perspective Full Overview to see the results so far.

    Perspective Full Overview showing foundation under house and garage

You may want to change the Stem Wall height to meet your frost depth needs, however, before making any changes to the Structure settings in the Room Specification dialog, you must first turn off Auto Rebuild Foundation.

To turn off Auto Rebuild Foundation

  1. Select Build> Floor> Build Foundation .
  2. In the Build Foundation dialog, remove the check next to Automatically Rebuild Foundation, then click OK.

    Build Foundation dialog with the box for Automatically Rebuild Foundation option cleared

  3. In the New Floor dialog that appears next, choose Derive new foundation plan from the 1st floor plan and click OK again.

    New Floor dialog with Derive new foundation plan from the 1st floor plan option selected

  4. Use the Select Objects tool to click within the Garage room on the Foundation level,
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Creating an Elevated Structure on Pilings

The information in this article applies to:

 

QUESTION

I am an experienced Chief Architect software user and would like to design a structurally detailed seaside home on pilings. How can I do this?

Beach home raised on piers

ANSWER

Chief Architect is designed to allow you to quickly model conventionally framed structures. A structure on pilings, however, does not fall into the category of conventional framing, so when drawing such a plan, we need to use Chief’s framing tools creatively.

This article assumes that the reader is familiar with and comfortable using default settings, creating and using custom layers, and using the manual framing and CAD editing tools.

There are a number of distinct tasks involved in this project:

Before starting work on any drawing, it is important to set up the correct default settings – particularly for the structural aspects of the plan.

As you set up your defaults, you can also set up defaults for door styles and materials for roofing, casing, doors and other items. However, only structural defaults are discussed in this example.

To prepare to draw the structure

  1. Select Edit> Default Settings from the menu to open the Default Settings dialog.
    • To expand a category in the tree list and view its subcategories, click the arrow to the left of its name.
    • To open the defaults dialog for a line item, click on its name and then click the Edit button, or simply double-click on its name.
  2. In the Floor 1 Defaults dialog, on the Structure panel, under the Relative Heights heading, specify the desired Rough Ceiling height. In this example, 109 1/8″ is used.
  3. In the Foundation Defaults dialog, on the Foundation panel:
    • Select Walls with Footings as the Foundation Type.
    • Under the Stem Walls section, specify the Minimum Height as equal to the required top height of the pilings at the building site, plus the thickness of the concrete pad at the base of the pilings. In this example, 148″ is used.
  4. In the Framing Defaults dialog, on both the Foundation and 1st floor panels, under both the Subfloor for Floor and Ceiling Above Floor headings
    • Select the radio button beside Lap.
    • Specify the Spacing as 16″ O.C..
    • Specify the Joist Width as 1 1/2″.
    • Under the Subfloor for Floor heading on each panel, make sure Rim Joist is checked.
  5. While still in the Framing Defaults dialog:
    • On the Beams panel, click on the Edit Floor Beam Defaults button. Specify the Depth as 11 1/4″, Width as 3″, the Type as Lumber and click OK.
    • Under the Beam Options, select the radio button beside Under Joists and the Align Exterior with radio button beside Main Layer.
    • On the Posts panel, click on the Edit Post Defaults button. Specify the Type as Lumber, set the Post Size Widths both as 12″.

      Note: When a Round post is specified, Width 1 refers to its diameter and Width 2 is not available.

    • Under the Post Footings heading, specify the Height
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Changing the Material of the Ceiling or Flooring in a Room

The information in this article applies to:

QUESTION

How can I change the flooring or ceiling material in my plan?  

ANSWER

Flooring and ceiling materials can be specified in the Default Settings for a specific floor or an entire plan. Additionally, floor and ceiling materials can be changed for individual rooms by accessing the Room Specification dialog. 

Adjusting the floor or ceiling finish using the default settings

  1. From the menu, select Edit> Default Settings .
  2. Expand the Floors and Rooms category, select the Floor/Ceiling Platform option if you want to adjust floor and ceiling finishes for all floors in a plan, or expand the Floor Levels subcategory, and select the floor of your choosing. Once one of these options is selected, click on the Edit button.
  3. In the next dialog that opens, select the Edit button next to the Floor Finish or Ceiling Finish option, depending on what you’re wanting to change.
  4. In the Floor/Ceiling Finish Definition dialog that opens, make any desired modifications to the floor/ceiling finish layers.

    Floor finish definition dialog showing two floor layers

    • Layers can be added below or above other floor/ceiling layers by selecting a layer and clicking on the Insert Above or Insert Below buttons.
    • Existing layers can be modified by clicking within the cell that correlates to the column you’d like to change.

      For example, if you’re wanting to change the material of a layer to something different, click on the material name for a layer. In the image above, you would want to click on the words: Light – MP Plank. To adjust the thickness, click on the 3/4″ value specified for Layer #1.

    • Layers can be deleted by selecting a layer and clicking on the Delete button.
    • To move layers, select a layer, and click on the Move Up or Move Down button to change the order.
    • Once all desired changes have been made, click OK.

Adjusting the floor or ceiling finish using the room specification dialog

  1. Using the Select Objects tool, click inside of the room where you want to change the flooring or ceiling material to select it.
  2. Next, click on the Open Object edit button to display the Room Specification dialog.
  3. On the Structure panel, click on the Edit button next to the Floor Finish or Ceiling Finish option to display the Floor/Ceiling Finish Definition dialog, where you can make any desired modifications to the floor/ceiling finish layers.

    Floor finish definition dialog showing two floor layers

    • Layers can be added below or above other floor/ceiling layers by selecting a layer and clicking on the Insert Above or Insert Below buttons.
    • Existing layers can be modified by clicking within the cell that correlates to the column you’d like to change.

      For example, if you’re wanting to change the material of a layer to something different, click on the material name for a layer. In the image above, you would want to click on the words: Light – MP Plank. To adjust the thickness, click on the 3/4″ value specified for Layer #1.

    • Layers can be deleted by selecting a layer and clicking
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Adding GFCI Outlets

The information in this article applies to:

QUESTION

I would like to add a 110V GFCI outlets to rooms other than bathrooms. How can I do this?  

ANSWER

To accommodate code requirements in the United States, Chief Architect will add 110V GFCI, or ground fault circuit interrupter outlets in rooms that have the Bathroom Room Type specified. It will not, however, add this outlet type to other rooms. If you would like to use GFCI outlets in other rooms, you can place them manually from the library, or you can use the Replace From Library edit tool to replace existing outlets with GFCI’s.

To manually place outlets from the library

  1. Select View> Library Browser  if the Library Browser isn’t open, and browse to Chief Architect Core Catalogs> Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing> Electrical> Outlets> Surface Mounted> 110V to find an outlet type that suits your needs and select it.

    Browsing to the Outlets folder in the Library Browser
  2. Select the GFCI outlet in the library, and now when you move your cursor, the Electrical icon will follow your cursor.
  3. Click in your plan where you would like to place GFCI outlets.

    GFCI outlet placed onto a wall

To replace existing outlets

You can use the Replace From Library tool to replace objects in a plan with different items from the Library Browser.

  1. Using the Select Objects  tool, click on an outlet that you’d like to replace.  
  2. With the outlet selected, click the Replace From Library  edit button.  
  3. In the Replace From Library dialog that displays:

    Replace From Library dialog

    • Choose the desired Replacement Option.
    • Click the Library button under the Replace with section, and in the Select Library Object dialog, browse the library for the outlet type you would like to use, select it, then click OK.
    • Click OK to replace the chosen outlets with the outlet selected from the library. 

Another way to add GFCI outlets to a room is to temporarily specify the room as a bathroom, use the Auto Place Outlets tool to place outlets in the room, then restore the correct room type.

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Designing a Custom Drop-in Tub Enclosure

The information in this article applies to:

QUESTION

I need to create a tub deck surround for a drop-in tub. How can I achieve this?

Drop-in tub located in bathroom

ANSWER

In Chief Architect, we have a number of Drop-In Tub symbols that can be placed in plans, and a number of tools to create a surround. In this article, we will create an enclosure using Half-Walls and a Custom Countertop.

To place a drop-in tub

  1. Navigate to View> Library Browser  if the library isn’t already open, and browse to Chief Architect Core Catalogs> Architectural> Fixtures> Bathtubs> Drop-In Tubs.
  2. Select one of the drop-in tubs, then click once in the plan to place the selected tub.

    Plan view of a tub placed in the room

  3. Keeping the tub selected, click the Open Object edit tool, and in the Fixture Specification dialog that displays, take note of the size and elevation of the tub, then click OK.

    This would also be a good time to make changes to the size and elevation of the tub if different values are desired.

    General panel of the Fixture Specification dialog

    In this example, we are using the Standard Tub from the library and will be using the default values.

To create the enclosure

  1. Navigate to Build> Wall> Straight Half-Wall  from the menu, then draw an interior rectangle that will serve as the supportive enclosure for the tub.

    Half walls drawn surrounding the tub

    Note: If you have difficulty drawing half-walls directly beside other walls, try drawing them in a separate area of the room, away from other walls, then move them into place using their Move edit handles.

    Moving walls using the move edit handle

  2. Using the Select Objects tool, select one of the half-walls, click the Open Object edit tool, and in the Railing Specification dialog that displays:

    Newels/Balusters panel where the height of the half-wall can be set

  3. Perform this same procedure for the three remaining walls.
  4. We are now ready to construct the top surface of the enclosure. Select Build> Cabinet> Custom Countertop from the menu, then click and drag to create a rectangle that encompasses the tub and the four half-walls.

    Creating a custom countertop

  5. Once the countertop is placed, select it using the Select Objects tool, click the Open Object edit tool, and in the Custom Countertop Specification dialog that displays:

    Set the thickness, height, and position of the countertop

    • On the General panel, uncheck Set Thickness From Cabinet and specify a desired Thickness.

      In this example, a Thickness of 1 1/2″ is set.

    • Uncheck Set Height From Cabinet and specify the Finished Floor to Top/Bottom value.

      In this example, the Elevation Reference is set to From Finished Floor, and the Finished Floor to Bottom value is set to 15 3/4″.

    • Change the material of the countertop on the Materials panel.
    • Click OK to confirm the changes and close the dialog.
  6. Navigate to Build> Cabinet> Custom Counter Hole  and create a hole that spans the width and depth of the tub.

    Creating a custom counter hole

  7. Lastly, add a faucet, along with any additional fixtures and accessories from the Library Browser , then take a Camera view to see the results.

    Camera view of a custom tub enclosure

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Using Material Regions

The information in this article applies to:

QUESTION

I want to be able to create a custom walk-in shower in my bathroom. How can I create the transition from one material to another within the same room?

Bathroom containing custom wall material regions

ANSWER

The Material Region tools are used to define a region on a floor or wall surface where the materials are different than the rest of the defined room area. They can contain several layers of materials, similar to walls and floors, for example a layer of mortar with tile on top.

In this article we will be creating a walk-in shower with tile on the walls within a bathroom.

Creating the shower

  1. Start by opening a New Plan .
  2. Draw a basic bathroom layout as shown below:

    Walls defining bathroom with a four foot bumpout for the shower

  3. Draw a wall separating the shower from the bathroom. In this example, a vapor barrier wall is used, as shown in the Knowledge Base article “Creating a Steam Shower” in the Related Articles section below.

    Wall drawn at bumpout to better define shower area

Now we are ready to use the Material Regions to define new materials for the walls and floor.

Using the Material Regions

  1. Select Build> Floor> Floor Material Region from the menu.
  2. Click and drag to draw a Material Region inside the new shower space.

    Floor Material Region drawn on floor of shower

    Note: Be aware that simply clicking on a floor or wall with the Material Region tools will create a Material Region across the entire surface; be sure to click and drag across the area you want the material applied to, to ensure that only the desired area is covered.

  3. Select the Material Region and click Open Object to open the Material Region Specification dialog.
    • Under the Structure panel, check the option to Cut Finish Layers of Parent Object as this will remove the finish layer from the floor and insert the material region’s bottom-most layer in it’s place.
    • Click Edit and modify the layers of the floor material region as needed.

      Material Layers Definition showing two layers. Layer 1 is tile and layer 2 is mortar

      In this example we are using two 1/4″ thick layers: the top(1) layer is Tile and the bottom (2) layer is Thinset Mortar.

      The tile material used here is called Morning Dove P325 and can be found in the DalTile® Manufacturer Catalog.

    • Click OK and OK once again to apply your changes and close the dialog boxes.
  4. Select 3D> Create Orthographic View> Cross Section/Elevation and create a cross section/elevation view looking at the back wall of the shower.

    Elevation camera placed in shower pointed at back wall

  5. In the cross section/elevation view, select Build> Wall> Wall Material Region from the menu.
  6. Draw a new material region over the wall.

    A Wall Material Region is drawn on wall in an Elevation View

  7. Repeat Steps 4, 5 and 6 for the two side walls of the shower.

You can now customize the shower however you like. The material region tools can be used to create material transitions or areas within a room without the need to add any additional shapes or objects that may change the structure of the room or building.

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Creating a Custom Glass Shower

Several already existing shower and bathtub combinations, as well as enclosures, can be located in the Library Browser. However, if you’re designing a glass shower that requires custom modifications, it’s recommended to utilize the Glass Wall and Glass Shower Door tools instead.

To create a glass shower

  1. Open a plan that you’d like to design a custom glass shower within.
  2. Placing focus on the bathroom area, navigate to Build> Wall> Straight Glass Wall or Straight Glass Pony Wall  from the menu, then left-click and drag to create as many shower walls as you’d like.

    Glass shower walls drawin in a floor plan
  3. Make any additional modifications to the newly created walls, such as their position in the plan, or the materials that are applied.

    To learn more about modifying walls and their various properties, please see the Related Articles section below.

  4. With the shower area established, a door can now be placed. Select Build> Door> Shower Door from the menu, then click within a shower wall to place a glass shower door.
  5. Using the Select Objects tool, click on the door to select, then click on the Open Object edit tool.
  6. In the Door Specification dialog that displays, make any desired adjustments, then click OK.

    General panel of the Interior Door Specification dialog

    A shower wall niche can also be created inside a custom shower by navigating to Build> Window> Wall Niche from the menu, and clicking along a wall to create the cavity.

Fixtures can now be added to complete the space. Navigate to Chief Architect Core Catalogs> Architectural> Fixtures within the Library Browser  to find faucets, shower pans, drains, and other fixtures to place into your custom shower. Additional shower fixtures and hardware can be found in the various manufacturer and bonus libraries located in the 3D Library.

Additional tools, such as the Custom Backsplash  and Wall Material Region  tools can be used to apply decorative tile or other materials to certain areas of the shower, while the Soffit  and Polyline Solid  tools can be used to create objects like benches or shower curbs.

Here are just a few of the different shower configurations that have been designed in Chief Architect using the tools and techniques mentioned in this article. These examples, along with several others, can be accessed at anytime from the Chief Architect Samples Gallery.

Bachelor View Owner’s Suite Remodel

Bachelor view bath remodel with a custom glass shower

Stone Creek Primary Bath Remodel

Stone creek primary bath

Breckenridge

Breckinridge primary bath

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