Special legislative committee begins rarely used disciplinary proceeding to look into conduct of House Speaker Michael Madigan

The Illinois House kicked off a rarely used disciplinary process Thursday to probe the conduct of Speaker Michael Madigan in light of allegations that Commonwealth Edison undertook a bribery scheme to gain his favor, with Republicans seeking to hear testimony from the powerful Democrat and former utility executives and lobbyists.

House Republican leader Jim Durkin, who petitioned for the probe, asked the six-member panel to decide whether to authorize a charge against Madigan for engaging “in conduct unbecoming to a legislator, or which constitutes a breach of public trust… including engaging in a bribery scheme and extortion scheme, conspiracy to violate federal and state laws, among other misconduct and misuse of the office.”

ComEd this summer agreed to pay a $200 million fine as part of a deferred prosecution agreement with federal prosecutors who alleged the utility engaged in a “yearslong bribery scheme” by offering jobs and other inducements to allies of Madigan.

Madigan, the nation’s longest serving speaker and the chairman of the Illinois Democratic Party, has not been charged and has denied wrongdoing.

The special committee is made up of three Democrats and three Republicans, and partisan differences were quickly felt.

Rep. Emanuel “Chris” Welch, a Democrat from Hillside who chairs the committee, said the panel’s first task is to reach out to the U.S. attorney’s office to ensure the legislative committee’s effort doesn’t interfere with ongoing federal probe.

Durkin’s petition to form the committee invoked the House’s rarely used Rule 91, which was most recently triggered last year after then-Democratic state Rep. Luis Arroyo was charged with one count of federal program bribery. Arroyo resigned before that special investigating committee held its first meeting.

In 2012, the process advanced much further in the case of then-state Rep. Derrick Smith. The full House voted overwhelmingly to oust him from his seat after he was indicted on charges he accepted a $7,000 bribe.

That process, which started with a special investigating committee, should set the precedent for the present panel’s work, Welch said.

“We have very little precedent to go by. I have studied the Derrick Smith transcripts all weekend long and we’re going to follow precedent. And we have to make sure we contact the U.S. attorney’s office and get a response before this committee can do any work further,” Welch said.

Rep. Deanne Mazzochi, a Republican from Elmhurst, suggested Welch’s proposal was an effort to bring the proceedings to a halt, and that there’s a “whole host of work” the committee can do independently of the U.S. attorney’s office.

“No one said anything about halting the work of the committee, but we are going to reach out to the U.S. attorney’s office and make contact first,” Welch said. “There will be nothing further until then.”

A majority vote of the committee is needed to authorize a charge against Madigan, meaning it would require the support of at least one Democrat. If a majority was achieved in favor of charges, a 12-member disciplinary panel would decide whether

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Elementary schools students return to class in B.C.’s Southern Interior



a little girl riding on the back of a bicycle: Elementary schools in the Southern Interior of B.C. have now opened.


© Global News
Elementary schools in the Southern Interior of B.C. have now opened.

Elementary schools in B.C.’s Southern Interior have opened and with the coronavirus pandemic ongoing, it’s an unprecedented first day back at school.

Global News talked to some elementary school parents to see how they are feeling about schools being reopened during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“I’m glad they’re reopened, I think it’s good to get back to a sense of normal,” said Angela Walsh, a Kelowna parent.

“My son has been really excited to get the opportunity to go to kindergarten. Of course, I’m a little bit nervous not knowing how things will play out with COVID-19″.

The same sentiment was echoed by another parent.

“He was actually quite happy to go this morning and was first in line to get into his classroom. I’m feeling pretty positive,” said Amy Martens, a Kelowna parent.

“Definitely a wait and see what happens.”

Read more: Back to school: If someone in a B.C. school gets sick, what happens next?

Martins, whose son is going into Grade 5, says school resuming is like a weight being lifted off her shoulders.

“A relief, for sure. Socially, it’s nice to have him back with his peers. Get him out of the house, and having a purpose to the day. It’s hard to keep a 10-year-old busy,” said Martens.

One parent said its been a long summer for him and his wife.

“I’m excited to have them going back,” said Matthew Cleary, a Kelowna parent.

“It’s been a long spring and summer taking care of the kids at home, and working from home. So, it’s nice to get them back into school and into a regular routine.”

Read more: Coronavirus: Anxiety high for B.C. teachers as they prepare to return to school on Tuesday

Central Okanagan Public Schools says it hears some of the concerns that some parents are having, but say staff are doing everything they can within the provincial guidelines to keep everyone safe.

“We are really excited to see about 99 per cent of our kids come back to in-class instruction. We’ve got lots of safety protocols in place to make sure that the risk is low for students to attend school,” said Kevin Kaardal, Central Okanagan Public Schools’ superintendent.

The situation will be an ongoing one, and parents say they will be monitoring how the transition of opening schools during a pandemic goes.

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Edna White Garden Celebrates Sunday Garden Walk with Friday Show

This post was contributed by a community member. The views expressed here are the author’s own.

The Edna White Community Garden will host local musical artists “A Week Back” – a.k.a. Chuck & John – Friday evening at 7:30.

This is another entry in Lizzie Benner’s Mixology musical series.

Friday’s event draws further attention to Sunday’s inaugural Beverly/Morgan Park Garden Walk, featuring 10 residential gardens, as well as novel gardens at schools, churches and landmark stops on the tour.

Edna White Garden is the first stop on Sunday’s tour – one of the city’s largest community gardens. The award-winning prairie-style community garden features multiple vegetable beds, active beehives, a walk-up food pantry, butterfly harvesting and a yoga space, which will host a class at 6:30 p.m. Friday.

The garden serves as a “sneak peak” into beautiful, historic Beverly/Morgan Park, a community of green thumbs with lush, vibrant residential gardens and adopted green spaces adjacent to train stations, schools and areas in need of attention.

Edna White Garden Executive Director Kathy Figel hopes everyone’s efforts will help lure more visitors into the community for a safe afternoon of fresh air, leisurely walks and social distancing.

“We’re thrilled the Beverly Area Planning Association has created this event that will take on annual significance in the community,” said Figel.

“The many volunteers for Edna Community Garden take great pride in knowing people from the community and outside visitors will get so visit our special space on 111th Street.”

A Week Back enjoys a loyal following in the community due to their many appearances and the hundreds of musical students Chuck Murphy and John Ciciora they’ve guided over the years at The Music School. Donations are encouraged for the band’s effort.

The duo has an unlimited musical repertoire they call “popular songs from a lot of different genres.”

Attendees are reminded to bring their PPE masks.

The garden’s spacious grounds allow for safe distancing but facial coverings are still in order.

The “mixology” theme continues to feature garden bed offerings. Lawn chairs and small coolers are encouraged.

The Edna White Garden is located at 1850 West Monterey Avenue (111th and Esmond).

The Chicago Excellence in Gardening Awards committee honored Morgan Park’s Edna White Memorial Garden in 2017 at the Chicago Cultural Center along with gardens from 26 additional wards around the city. Figel accepted the CEGA award for the Edna White Memorial Garden. She has served as executive director for the 19th Ward volunteer garden since the early 1990s.

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Trump campaign mulls return to White House, despite backlash over RNC event

WASHINGTON — Trump campaign aides are weighing another event on White House grounds around Election Day, despite criticism over the venue’s use as a political prop during the Republican convention.

There have been serious discussions about the logistics of pulling off an political event there in the closing days or hours of the race, following President Donald Trump’s satisfaction with his convention address on the White House South Lawn, according to two people familiar with the planning.

During the Republican convention, the president was criticized for using the White House as the backdrop for a purely political event, with several former government ethics officials saying it represented a misuse of public resources for personal gain. Throughout the election cycle, Trump has repeatedly blurred the lines between where the office of the president ends and the campaign begins, using official remarks and trips to attack his fall rival, Democratic nominee Joe Biden.

Convention events held at the White House involved the construction of a large stage and the placement of 1,500 chairs on the grounds, resulting in extensive sod damage. The Trump campaign has said it is paying for repairs.

No final decision has been made and plans could still change, the people said. The Trump campaign declined to comment.

Several scenarios are being discussed, according to the sources. One possibility under consideration would be for Trump to hold an election night victory party there with supporters, similar to the sort of event that a candidate might hold in a hotel ballroom, said one person. Another option being considered is a rally-style event at the White House on the eve of the election, said a second person.

Organizers see two big potential obstacles to holding another event at the White House weather and protests.

An outdoor crowd of hundreds of people in early November may not encounter ideal seasonal conditions, though the White House does occasionally host cold-weather outdoor events in the vicinity, such as the annual Christmas tree lighting.

Even if the weather cooperated, the president’s opponents might not: Following Trump’s convention speech, protestors loudly confronted attendees such as Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky as they exited the White House gates.

The number of demonstrators in Washington is expected to be even greater around the election, creating a concern for organizers about how to pull off a seamless entrance and exit for attendees, said one of the people involved in the planning.

Other suggested Trump election night locations being considered include the Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium in Washington, site of most of the convention speeches, and Trump’s own Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida, the person said.

President Barack Obama delivered his re-election night victory speech in 2012 from his hometown of Chicago, and President George W. Bush spoke from the Ronald Reagan Building in Washington in 2004. In 2016, Trump watched the results from his Manhattan apartment and gave a speech to a relatively small gathering at a Hilton hotel down the street.

With a larger number of votes

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Orange skies in California and a dark storm over the White House

More than 190,000 Americans are dead. Millions have lost their jobs. Countless businesses are in ruins. A generation of kids hasn’t gone to school for months.



a man sitting at a table with wine glasses: Visitors are seen in Dolores Park under an orange sky darkened by smoke from California wildfires in San Francisco, California, U.S. September 9, 2020.


© Stephen Lam/Reuters
Visitors are seen in Dolores Park under an orange sky darkened by smoke from California wildfires in San Francisco, California, U.S. September 9, 2020.

Yet despite knowing that the coronavirus was highly dangerous, viciously contagious and much worse than even the most severe flu, President Donald Trump delayed mobilizing the US government immediately. Worse, he refused to share what he knew and warn the American people, insisting everything would be fine.

Oh yes, and it’s all on tape.

A dark storm that has been building for weeks over the White House — in the form of a new book by reporting legend Bob Woodward — burst midmorning on Wednesday. Even by the standards of the Trump administration, this was a political blockbuster to end all blockbusters.



a view of a city


© Provided by CNN


The book “Rage,” due to be published next week, lays bare the most staggering act of presidential negligence of modern times. Unlike the scandals of Presidents Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton, in which political corruption and personal failings mushroomed into cover-ups and abuses of power, Trump’s transgression shows that he abrogated the most basic duty of a president: safeguarding the health and safety of the American people.

It was clear from his actions for months that Trump publicly denied the potency of the virus and played down its impact. But to hear him say that he knew better in audio recordings made by Woodward is something else. By the way, Election Day is less than eight weeks away.

What we’ve learned

‘This is deadly stuff’

Trump told Woodward in a February 7 interview that Covid-19 was airborne and “more deadly than even your strenuous flu.” Yet for weeks afterward, the President told Americans that it was comparable to the flu and predicted that the virus would just go away.



Donald Trump wearing a suit and tie: US President Donald Trump speaks on judicial appointments in the Diplomatic Reception Room of the White House in Washington, DC on September 9, 2020.


© MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President Donald Trump speaks on judicial appointments in the Diplomatic Reception Room of the White House in Washington, DC on September 9, 2020.

Fears of nuclear war

Woodward’s reporting also delves into topics beyond the pandemic. He quotes top US security officials saying they feared a nuclear war with North Korea amid tensions in 2017. Then-Secretary of Defense James Mattis slept in his clothes in case of a launch by the isolated state, and repeatedly went to Washington National Cathedral to pray, according to Woodward.

Love letters

Once they were talking, North Korean tyrant Kim Jong Un reportedly flattered Trump in what the President has called “love letters,” writing that another meeting would be like a scene from “a fantasy film” and describing their relationship as a “magical force.”

A secret weapon

Trump boasted to Woodward that the US has a new secret nuclear weapons system. Defense sources confirmed the mystery weapon.

‘We would have saved lives’

Reacting to the Woodward revelations, New Jersey Governor Phil

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$1.4M South River Colony Mansion Shows Off 2 Suites, Huge Kitchen

EDGEWATER, MD — South River Colony is one of Edgewater’s most impressive neighborhoods. This $1.4 million home proves why. With soaring ceilings and enchanting windows, the house is spacious as could be. The backyard has a party-ready patio, pool and hot tub. Whip up a feast for your guests in the expansive kitchen with dual ovens. End the night with a bath in one of the house’s two suites. These luxurious features and more validate the price tag on this 1.08-acre, 5,876-square-foot property.

  • Address: 201 Morning Cloak Row, Edgewater, Maryland
  • Price: $1,398,000
  • Square Feet: 5876
  • Bedrooms: 5
  • Bathrooms: 4 Full and 1 Half Baths
  • Built: 2001
  • Features: Featuring one of the BEST LOCATIONS in the Preserve section of highly sought after South River Colony, this 5 BR 4.5 Bath gem sparkles! PUBLIC WATER & SEWER TOO! Tucked away at the end of a quiet cul de sac backing to woods on 1.08 acres, this home features a stunning renovated gourmet kitchen w/ Viking, Subzero, Bosch & Dacor appliances & custom furniture quality cabinetry. BRAND NEW custom backsplash. The fenced rear yard is an entertainers DREAM with a heated pebble tec pool w/ waterfall & spa. Relax on the custom built gazebo & IPE deck overlooking a lushly landscaped fenced yard w/ underground sprinkler system. Generator. Built in outdoor BRAND NEW Wolf grill on hand cut blue stone & granite counters. (If your children play sports…be ready to host the team parties!) Dramatic two story family room w/ a wood burning fireplace. (Three fireplaces total). Main level office w/ double sided gas fireplace makes working from home EASY and comfortable. (Upstairs sitting room in owners suite currently being used as the second home office). Formal living & dining rooms with newly refinished hardwood floors. Butlers pantry w/ a wine refrigerator, and a large walk in pantry for food storage. Fully finished walk out lower level with built in theater (all top of line equipment conveys) with a fabulous sound system. Built in wetbar w/ extra icemaker and wine refrigerator. LL bedroom suite with a full bath (perfect for au pair or nanny) and two other rooms that can be used as bedrooms, offices, gym, etc. Luxurious owners suite w/ a sitting room, gas fireplace, and stunning renovated bath with a fabulous oversized multi head steam shower with bench seating. All attached flat screen TV’s convey. Three ice makers (one in Subzero freezer). Three car side load garage, with extra parking in paved front driveway and side yard. Private and peaceful LOCATION! Community pools, tennis & basketball courts, playground, and private golf club w/ memberships available… LIVE WHERE YOU PLAY! South River Schools, and just minutes to Annapolis & major commuting routes. Convenient proximity to three major airports. Click link to visual tour for extra info: Call owner/listing agent for more info!

This listing originally appeared on realtor.com. For more information and photos, click here.

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Woman claims her son was kicked out of EPIC school for taking too many bathroom breaks

OKLAHOMA CITY (KFOR) – A parent of a student at EPIC Stonegate says her son was kicked out of school for going to the bathroom too many times during the first day of school. 

Jaqui Hagerman says her son Austin has Cerebral Palsy, and had to have spine surgery over the summer, so right now he’s in a wheelchair. 

Jaqui says after his first day at EPIC Stonegate she got an email from Austin’s teacher asking for a meeting the next morning.  

“I was blindsided,” Jaqui told News 4. “I walked into a meeting and was told immediately that my son went to the bathroom six times yesterday.”

Jacqui says she was told the school couldn’t accommodate Austin’s physical needs, so he was being dismissed from the school. 

A school administrator later emailed Jacqui saying, “dismissing isn’t what is proposed,” but she says it was very clear what was happening in the meeting.  

“There was no misunderstanding. It was just me, a principal, and a teacher in there,” Jacqui said. “She sat down and just said, ‘he cannot go here anymore. We cannot accommodate for his physical disabilities.’”

News 4 did reach out to EPIC, and we were sent the following statement…

Because of federal student privacy laws, a school cannot publicly comment on a particular student matter. We can say that we have not dismissed any students, nor would we, and we comply with students’ special education Individualized Education Plans per federal law. We are committed to working with and ensuring our parents who have students with special needs are pleased with our services. 

Shelly Hickman, M.Ed. Assistant Superintendent, Communications, Epic Charter School

Jacqui says if what EPIC was claiming was true, Austin would still be in school, a place he wants to be.  

“He started telling me that he was willing to not use his wheelchair, and use his walker, if they didn’t like his wheelchair,” Jacqui said. “He was seeing it as he was the problem.”

Jacqui says EPIC called her Thursday morning, 30 minutes after News 4 reached out to the school, offering to make any accommodations necessary for Austin. 

She says right now they are looking into other school, and she has filed an official complaint with the Office for Civil Rights.

Recent Headlines:

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Sharon Hull, This Week in the Garden

As nearly everyone knows by now, gardening and garden pursuits have skyrocketed during the months since the pandemic began. Sheltering at home has meant extra hours to spend outdoors in our own safe spaces. Though many have put their efforts into growing vegetables or flowers, or have tackled long-postponed big landscaping projects, some people have chosen to put their time, energies and talents into quite creative and sometimes less ordinary endeavors.

The Echols family, with an already beautifully landscaped private sanctuary garden, chose to focus their attentions on…surprise!…an extensive new home for some pet tortoises.

A side view of tortoise enclosure and deck placement in garden. (Contributed — Sharon Hull)

Adam Echols, long an animal lover and keeper of exotic pets, acquired from a reputable breeder in New Jersey three baby Hermann’s Tortoises. Named Ruga, Gaia and Thena (unexpectedly all male) and native to Mediterranean areas of Southern Europe and the Middle East, this species is well-adapted to our Coastal California climate. They are considered excellent pets if the owner does their research, learns what they need and provides appropriate care and housing.

At first, the youngsters were kept in a climate-controlled and protected enclosure until they matured enough to thrive in an outdoor environment. Now 3 years old, the tortoises lived in smaller temporary quarters until the present enclosure was built. Adam Echols and the entire family (Carole, Lloyd and Ebrima Badjie) worked together to design and build a large and beautiful tortoise habitat that perfectly blends with the existing landscape of the backyard of their Santa Cruz home.

Adam thoroughly researched the requirements for a safe and comfortable home for these animals: size needed, appropriate materials (all non-toxic), soil and drainage needs, sun/shade requirements, appropriate plantings, type of water supply, needed shelter and climate control details. Carole and Lloyd decided just how much of their backyard could be given to the enclosure and they also decided on some of the aesthetic issues so that it all complemented and “fit” with the existing landscape. Lloyd also provided some of the technical aspects like designing the power supply for lighting, heat and fountain pump, and Ebrima added his muscles and energy to the project and assisted Adam with the heavy work. It was truly a family effort.

The result is a handsome enclosure, measuring 22.5 feet long by 5 fee wide, that nestles into the area just off the raised deck behind the home. The 16 inch high enclosure “fence” is lined with slate-colored, wavy polycarbonate sheeting which is safe for contact by the tortoises, and the exterior is faced with natural stone and capped with smooth stones that provide a comfortable place to sit. The animals need a well-drained environment so the native poorly-draining clay soil was dug out to a depth of 10 inches and replaced with sand with organic matter added. A low naturalistic fountain made of flat slabs of stone above a buried basin provides recirculating and aerated water that is always accessible to the animals;

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Ohio House Bill 6 legislative opponents make case for repeal

COLUMBUS, Ohio — Ohio state lawmakers made their case for repealing House Bill 6 on Thursday before a legislative panel, noting the scandal surrounding its passage and questioning whether the owner of two nuclear power plants needs the law’s $1.3 billion public bailout.

Republican state Reps. Laura Lanese and Dave Greenspan, as well as Democratic state Reps. Mike Skindell and Michael O’Brien, testified before the Ohio House Select Committee on Energy Policy and Oversight in favor of their respective bills that would repeal the controversial legislation.

HB6 has come under severe scrutiny since state Rep. Larry Householder (the former House speaker) and four allies were arrested for an alleged $60 million bribery scandal to pass the legislation on behalf of FirstEnergy Corp., whose former subsidiary – now a separate company called Energy Harbor – owns the Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear plants that stand to receive bailout money starting next year.

Lanese, who represents a suburban Columbus district, noted in her testimony that Energy Harbor, previously called FirstEnergy Solutions, moved earlier this year to buy back hundreds of millions worth of its stock, calling into question whether the company actually needs the bailout money in order to keep the plants in operation.

Greenspan, of Westlake, questioned in his testimony whether the word “bailout” should be used to describe House Bill 6, saying the money for the nuclear plants should instead be called a grant with no accountability.

“How many other Ohio businesses would like to qualify for a grant with those criteria?” Greenspan asked. “The answer is simple: All of them.”

Both Republicans also questioned a separate part of HB6 called “decoupling,” which allows FirstEnergy to impose mandatory fees from its customers in order to offset, up to a prearranged point, any loss of money it sees from selling less electricity thanks to its energy-efficiency programs.

In other words, HB6 gives FirstEnergy Corp. permission to charge ratepayers what’s needed to ensure it brings in $978 million per year – the company’s revenue in 2018.

Greenspan said that “simply put,” it ensures that FirstEnergy can charge the public so it “can always break even.”

House Bill 746 would repeal all of HB6. “We must have a clean slate to start from,” Greenspan said.

Skindell, a Lakewood Democrat who is sponsoring an identical repeal bill, House Bill 738, testified that “Legislation adopted by means of corruption, in and of itself, is corrupt.”

He continued: “The confidence and trust of Ohioans cannot be restored until there is a complete and immediate repeal of legislation founded in corruption.”

O’Brien, of Warren, called HB6 “corporate welfare” and “the worst energy legislation” passed by any state in the 21st Century.

One ongoing item of debate is whether HB6 actually saves Ohioans money.

HB6 proponents point to an analysis from the non-partisan Legislative Service Commission concluding that the law lowers Ohioans’ utility bills (by gutting the state’s green-energy mandates).

But Skindell said that argument is incorrect because it doesn’t factor in the savings the public sees from the

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Work lunches that don’t make use of the office kitchen

If you’re looking for ideas for lunches to take to work, you may find it especially hard right now. Between social distancing in the office and perhaps wanting to limit your trips to the communal kitchen, lunch takes more planning than it used to. While you may want a lunch that doesn’t rely on using the workplace fridge, sink or microwave, you will still want the food to taste good without reheating and for it to be stored safely to fend off bad bacteria.

To help you tick both boxes, we’ve put together a list of tips that keep food safety in mind, along with recipes that fit the bill. 

Why you can’t just leave your lunch at room temp all day

Health Canada advises that you keep cold food cold and hot food hot so bacteria that can make you sick can’t grow. The “danger zone” at which harmful bacteria thrives is anywhere between 4 C and 60 C. That’s a wide range, and your workplace temp will almost certainly be set to something within it. 

That recommendation applies not only to high-risk foods like dairy, eggs, meat and seafood, but also other lunchtime faves you may not suspect, like cooked grains, and cut fruit and vegetables. Basically anything that’s not bread, crackers, cookies, popcorn, whole and dried fruit, and unopened canned meat or fish should be kept out of the danger zone, says the Canadian Institute of Food Safety (CIFS)

How to pack food you want to eat hot

To keep your hot food stored safely, CIFS recommends filling your thermal container with boiling water and letting it sit for a few minutes before emptying it and putting in your hot food. Avoid opening it before lunch so the heat doesn’t escape.

Here are recipes to try.

Khoresh Ghormeh Sabzi

(Photography by Eric Wolfinger)

Paul Sun Hyung Lee’s Kimchi Soup

Chicken and Lentil Soup

Jamie Oliver’s Smoky Veggie Chili With Sweet Gem & Cheesy Jacket Spuds

Root Vegetable Stew with Rosemary Garlic Baguette

(Photo credit: Dennis The Prescott)

Winter Pappa al Pomodoro

(Photography by Dennis the Prescott)

How to pack food you plan to eat cold 

CIFS also recommends using an insulated lunch bag plus two cold sources for food that won’t be refrigerated. One of those sources could be a frozen drink, like water or a smoothie, which will slowly defrost to be perfectly chilled by noon. Double duty! 

Place one ice pack on the bottom and your other cold source on top to sandwich your food and keep it cool. 

Here are some recipes that taste great without reheating.

Farro and Mushroom Salad

20 Minute Moroccan Couscous Salad

Buckwheat Noodles and Assorted Vegetables with Gochujang Vinaigrette | Bibimguksu

(Photography by Leela Ceed)

Jamie Oliver’s Falafel Wraps with Grilled Veg & Salsa

(Credit: David Loftus)

Tips for heartier salads that won’t turn sad and wilty

The same cold food safety rules apply to salads, but there are some things you can do to preserve their quality

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